Evolution and inheritance (Y6)

Prior learning

  • Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other. (Y2 - Living things and their habitats)

  • Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults. (Y2 - Animals, including humans)

  • Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal. (Y3 - Plants)

  • Describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock. (Y3 - Rocks)

  • Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things. (Y4 - Living things and their habitats)

  • Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals. (Living things and their habitats - Y5)

Future learning

  • Heredity as the process by which genetic information is transmitted from one generation to the next. (KS3)

  • A simple model of chromosomes, genes and DNA in heredity, including the part played by Watson, Crick, Wilkins and Franklin in the development of the DNA model. (KS3)

  • The variation between species and between individuals of the same species means some organisms compete more successfully, which can drive natural selection. (KS3)

  • Changes in the environment may leave individuals within a species, and some entire species, less well adapted to compete successfully and reproduce, which in turn may lead to extinction. (KS3)