Properties and changes of materials (Y5)

Prior learning

  • Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses. (Y2 - Uses of everyday materials)

  • Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching. (Y2 - Uses of everyday materials)

  • Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials. (Y3 - Forces and magnets)

  • Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases. (Y4 - States of matter)

  • Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C). (Y4 - States of matter)

  • Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature. (Y4 - States of matter)

Future learning

  • Chemical reactions as the rearrangement of atoms. (KS3)

  • Representing chemical reactions using formulae and using equations. (KS3)

  • Combustion, thermal decomposition, oxidation and displacement reactions. (KS3)

  • Defining acids and alkalis in terms of neutralisation reactions. (KS3)

  • The pH scale for measuring acidity/alkalinity; and indicators. (KS3)