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PLAN Knowledge matrices

There is a matrix for each topic in each year of the science National Curriculum. Each matrix provides:

  • the key learning and vocabulary that the children need to have acquired

  • examples of possible activities that enable pupils to learn or apply the knowledge

  • examples of possible evidence that would indicate that children are secure in the learning and vocabulary.


Where appropriate, common misconceptions that the children may have are included to alert you to be aware of these.

When children have engaged in sufficient activities to have become secure in the required knowledge, it is time to reflect on their learning. Children that are not secure can then be given additional activities to provide them with further opportunities to show that they are secure, possibly gathering evidence in a different way, for example verbally in a small group context. Children that are secure can be given enrichment activities to broaden their thinking, while being careful not to stray into the content taught in later years.

To access the matrix for a particular topic for a particular year group, click on the topic in the table below.

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